Uppsala University Department of Information Technology

Technical Report 2015-022

Experiments on Large Scale Document Visualization using Image-based Word Clouds

Tomas Wilkinson and Anders Brun

July 2015

In this paper, we introduce image-based word clouds as a novel tool for a quick and aesthetic overviews of common words in collections of digitized text manuscripts. While OCR can be used to enable summaries and search functionality to printed modern text, historical and handwritten documents remains a challenge. By segmenting and counting word images, without applying manual transcription or OCR, we have developed a method that can produce word- or tag clouds from document collections. Our new tool is not limited to any specific kind of text. We make further contributions in ways of stop-word removal, class based feature weighting and visualization. An evaluation of the proposed tool includes comparisons with ground truth word clouds on handwritten marriage licenses from the 17th century and the George Washington database of handwritten letters, from the 18th century. Our experiments show that image-based word clouds capture the same information, albeit approximately, as the regular word clouds based on text data.

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