Uppsala University Department of Information Technology

Technical Report 2003-029

Latency-hiding and Optimizations of the DSZOOM Instrumentation System

Oskar Grenholm, Zoran Radovic, and Erik Hagersten

May 2003


An efficient and robust instrumentation tool (or compiler support) is necessary for an efficient implementation of fine-grain software-based shared memory systems (SW-DSMs). The DSZOOM system, developed by the Uppsala Architecture Research Team (UART) at Uppsala University, is a sequentially consistent fine-grained SW-DSM originally developed using Executable Editing Library (EEL)-a binary modification tool from University of Wisconsin-Madison. In this paper, we identify several weaknesses of this original approach and present a new and simple tool for assembler instrumentation: Sparc Assembler Instrumentation Tool (SAIT). This tool can instrument (modify) a highly optimized assembler output from the compiler for the newest UltraSPARC processors. Currently, the focus of the tool is load-, store-, and load-store-instrumentation.

By using the SAIT, we develop and present several low-level instrumentation optimization techniques that significantly improve the performance of the original DSZOOM system. One of the presented techniques is a write permission cache (WPC), a latency-hiding mechanism for memory-store operations, that can lower the instrumentation overheads for some applications (as much as 45% for LU-cont, running on two nodes with 8 processors each).

Finally, we demonstrate that this new DSZOOM system executes faster than the old one for all 13 applications studied, from the SPLASH-2 benchmark suite. Execution time improvement factors range from 1.07 to 2.82 (average 1.73).

Available as compressed Postscript (650 kB, no cover), Postscript (1.38 MB, no cover), and PDF (257 kB, no cover)

Download BibTeX entry.

Uppsala Universitet